AISI 410 410L 410S Stainless Steel

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Heat Treatment
Cold Processing
Hot Working

410 410L 410S stainless steel

410 1.4006 is a martensitic stainless steel that provides high strength and hardness with moderate corrosion resistance.

410L 1.4003 is a low-chromium structural ferritic stainless steel. Its corrosion resistance is limited in applications with increased corrosiveness.

410S (UNS S41008) is a low carbon, non–hardening modification of Alloy 410 UNS S41000) the general purpose 12% chromium martensitic stainless steel.

Typical applications

Railroad and road vehicles

Shipping containers

Industrial applications

Mining conveyors

Grade specifications of AISI 410 grade stainless steels

GradeUNS NoOld BritishEuronormSwedish SSJapanese JIS
410S41000410S2156A1.4006X12Cr132302SUS 410

Chemical Composition


Smelting Option

1 EAF: Electric Arc Furnace

2 EAF+LF+VD: Refined-smelting and vacuum degassing

3 EAF+ESR: Electro Slag Remelting

4 EAF+PESR: protective atmosphere Electro Slag Remelting

5 VIM+PESR: Vacuum induction melting

Forming Option

1 Hot rolling process

2 Hot Forging: Electro-hydraulic; High-speed-hydraulic; Oil-hydraulic; Precision-forging

Heat-treatment Option

1 +A: Annealed (full/soft/spheroidizing)

2 +N: Normalized

3 +NT: Normalized and tempered

4 +QT: Quenched and tempered (water/oil)

5 +AT: Solution annealed

6 +P: Precipitation hardened

Suface Option

1 Black Surface

2 Grounded: Bright but rough ; Not precision

3 Machining for plate: Bright and precision; Little turning scar

4 Peeled/Turned: Bright and precision; Little turning scar

5 Polished: Very Bright and precision size; Not turning scar

Other Services

1 Cutting: Small pieces

2 CNC Machine: Produce as your drawing

3 Package: Bare/Nylon/Canvas/Wooden

4 Payment:T/T, L/C, O/A(request credit)

5 Transport:FOB/CFR/CIF/DDU/DDP (train/ship/Air)

SS 410 Stainless Steel properties Mechanical stainless steels

Tempering Temperature (°C)Tensile Strength (MPa)Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa)Elongation (% in 50 mm)Hardness Brinell (HB)Impact Charpy V (J)
Annealed *480 min275 min16 min


Hot Rolled Process – OD 30-500mm ; WT 3-60mm ; L 6-12meter

Cold Drawn Process – OD 10-200mm ; WT 0.5-20mm ; L 1-12meter

Cold Rolled Process – OD 6-200mm ; WT 0.1-20mm ; L 1-12meter


Acid pickling – pre-passivation process of treating stainless steel parts with an acid solution, typically hydrochloric or sulfuric acid, which can remove oxide scale and heat tint while dissolving steel flecks embedded in the part.

Polishing – P grade sandpaper: P150, P200, P250, P300, P400, P500, P600, P700, P800


Chamical analysis / Tensile test at room temperature / flattening test / ring tensile test / drift expemdomg test / ring expanding test / leak tightness test / Tensile test at elevated temperature / impact test at room temperature / impact test at low temperature / eddy current test / ultrasonic test / magnetic flux leakage test

Heat Treatments of grade 410 stainless steels

Annealing: Heat slowly to 1500-1650°F (816-899°C), cool to 1100°F (593°C) in furnace, air cool.

Process Annealing: Heat to 1350-1450°F (732-788°C), air cool.

Hardening: Heat to 1700-1850°F (927 – 1010°C), air cool or oil quench.

Follow by stress-relief or temper.

High Temperature Tempering: Heat to 1100 – 1400°F (593 – 760°C) for 1 to 4 hours, air cool.

Low Temperature Tempering: Heat to 300 – 500°F (150 – 260°C) for 0.5 to 1 hours, air cool.

Corrosion Resistance of grade 410 stainless steels

AISI Type 410 provides good corrosion resistance to air, water and some chemicals. It shows satisfactory resistance to ammonia, nitric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, dilute acetic acid and naptha. Resistance to food acids is good. Maximum corrosion resistance is achieved in the fully hardened condition.>AK Steel Type 410 provides good corrosion resistance to air, water and some chemicals. It shows satisfactory resistance to nitric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, dilute acetic acid and naptha. Resistance to food acids is good.

Heat Resistance of grade 410 stainless steels

Grade 410 steels have good scaling resistance at temperatures of up to 650 °C. However, the mechanical properties of the material will tend to reduce at temperatures ranging from 400 to 580 °C.


The formability of Moda 410L/4003 is comparable to many high-quality carbon steels. It is well suited for standard cold forming operations like bending, flanging, and drawing, but has limited stretch formability. When performing demanding forming operations, it might be necessary to perform drawing in several steps with intermediate annealing.


Moda 410L/4003 is relatively easy to machine. Compared to austenitic grades, it has lower tendency to form edges, which gives a larger machining window. Since the machinability is comparable to that of structural carbon steels, the same recommendations regarding choice of tool, cutting speed, and cutting feed can be used.


Moda 410L/4003 has good weldability and can be welded using the common fusion and resistance welding methods. Conventional welding methods like MMA, MIG, MAG, TIG, SAW, LBW, or RSW – except gas welding – are applicable. Austenitic 19 9 L (308L) or 13 Cr filler metals can be used.